# IA-Level Natural & Applied Sciences

IA-Level Natural & Applied Sciences courses provide students with a deep understanding of the natural world and the scientific method. They will cover a range of topics including physics, chemistry, biology, and earth and space sciences. Students will learn about the fundamental principles of science, and explore how these principles can be applied to understand and solve real-world problems.

Throughout the course, students will be expected to develop their critical thinking, analytical, and problem-solving skills. They will be required to design and carry out investigations, collect and analyze data, and draw conclusions based on their findings. Additionally, students will be expected to communicate their ideas and findings effectively, both in writing and verbally.

The course will also aim to develop students’ practical skills, such as laboratory techniques, as well as their ability to work independently, and in teams. Through hands-on experimentation, students will gain experience in the scientific method, and learn how to use scientific equipment and technology. This will give them the skills needed to pursue further studies or careers in the sciences

Mathematics

Physics

Chemistry

Biology

ICT

Mathematics

The content is relevant for students who have achieved a GCSE in Mathematics and who want to study this subject at a higher level. The content has been updated from the previous Pearson Edexcel International Advanced Subsidiary in Mathematics and Pearson Edexcel.

The aims and objectives of these qualifications are to enable students to:

- develop their understanding of mathematics and mathematical processes in a way that promotes confidence and fosters enjoyment
- develop abilities to reason logically and recognise incorrect reasoning, to generalise and to construct mathematical proofs
- extend their range of mathematical skills and techniques and use them in more difficult, unstructured problems
- develop an understanding of coherence and progression in mathematics and of how different areas of mathematics can be connected
- recognise how a situation may be represented mathematically and understand the relationship between ‘real-world’ problems and standard and other mathematical models and how these can be refined and improved
- use mathematics as an effective means of communication
- read and comprehend mathematical arguments and articles concerning applications of mathematics
- acquire the skills needed to use technology such as calculators and computers effectively, recognise when such use may be inappropriate and be aware of limitations
- develop an awareness of the relevance of mathematics to other fields of study, to the world of work and to society in general
- take increasing responsibility for their own learning and the evaluation of their own mathematical development.

**P1: Pure Mathematics 1 (IAS)**Algebra and functions; coordinate geometry in the (x, y); trigonometry; differentiation; integration. P2: Pure Mathematics 2 (IAS) Proof; algebra and functions; coordinate geometry in the (x, y) plane; sequences and series. exponentials and logarithms; trigonometry; differentiation; integration.

**S1: Statistics 1 (IAS)**Mathematical models in probability and statistics; representation and summary of data; probability; correlation and regression; discrete random variables; discrete distributions; the Normal distribution.

**P3: Pure Mathematics 3 (IAL)**Algebra and functions; trigonometry; exponentials and logarithms; differentiation; integration; numerical methods.

**P4: Pure Mathematics 4 (IAL)**Proof; algebra and functions; coordinate geometry in the (x, y) plane; binomial expansion; differentiation; integration; vectors.

**M1: Mechanics 1 (IAL)**Mathematical models in mechanics; vectors in mechanics; kinematics of a particle moving in a straight line; dynamics of a particle moving in a straight line or plane; statics of a particle; moments.

P1 paper

- First assessment: January 2019.
- The assessment is 1 hour and 30 minutes.
- The assessment is out of 75 marks.
- Students must answer all questions.
- Calculators may be used in the examination. Please see Appendix 6: Use of calculators.
- The booklet Mathematical Formulae and Statistical Tables will be provided for use in the assessments.

- First assessment: June 2019.
- The assessment is 1 hour and 30 minutes.
- The assessment is out of 75 marks.
- Students must answer all questions.
- Calculators may be used in the examination. Please see Appendix 6: Use of calculators.
- The booklet Mathematical Formulae and Statistical Tables will be provided for use in the assessments.

- First assessment: June 2019.
- The assessment is 1 hour and 30 minutes.
- The assessment is out of 75 marks.
- Students must answer all questions.
- Calculators may be used in the examination. Please see Appendix 6: Use of calculators.
- The booklet Mathematical Formulae and Statistical Tables will be provided for use in the assessments.

- First assessment: January 2020.
- The assessment is 1 hour and 30 minutes.
- The assessment is out of 75 marks.
- Students must answer all questions.
- Calculators may be used in the examination. Please see Appendix 6: Use of calculators.

- First assessment: June 2020.
- The assessment is 1 hour and 30 minutes.
- The assessment is out of 75 marks.
- Students must answer all questions.
- Calculators may be used in the examination. Please see Appendix 6: Use of calculators.

- First assessment: June 2019.
- The assessment is 1 hour and 30 minutes.
- The assessment is out of 75 marks.
- Students must answer all questions.
- Calculators may be used in the examination. Please see Appendix 6: Use of calculators.

Mathematics, statistician, accountant, banking, business, teacher/lecturer, finance, medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine, architecture, pilot, engineering

Physics

The content is relevant for learners who have achieved an International GCSE in Physics and who want to study this subject at a higher level. The content has been updated from the previous Pearson Edexcel International Advanced Subsidiary in Physics and the previous Pearson Edexcel International Advanced Level in Physics qualifications. It covers the major topics in physics, including mechanics, materials, waves, electricity, fields, thermodynamics,
radiation, particles, oscillations and cosmology.

**The aims and objectives of these qualifications are to enable students to develop:**

- essential knowledge and understanding of different areas of the subject and how they relate to each other
- a deep appreciation of the skills, knowledge and understanding of scientific methods
- competence and confidence in a variety of practical, mathematical and problem-solving skills
- their interest in and enthusiasm for the subject, including developing an interest in further study and careers associated with the subject.

**Unit 1: Mechanics and Materials**

- Mechanics
- Materials

**Unit 2: Waves and electricity**

- Waves and Particle Nature of Light
- Electric Circuits

**Unit 3: Practical skills in physics 1**

- Students are expected to develop experimental skills, and a knowledge and understanding of experimental techniques, by carrying out a range of practical experiments and investigations while they study Units 1 and 2.
- This unit will assess candidates’ knowledge and understanding of experimental procedures and techniques that were developed in Units 1 and 2.

**Unit 4: Further Mechanics**

- Electric and Magnetic Fields
- Nuclear and Particle Physic, mechanics, fields, and particles

**Unit 5: Thermodynamics, Radiation, Oscillations and Cosmology**

- Thermodynamics
- Nuclear Decay
- Oscillations
- Astrophysics and Cosmology

**Unit 6: Practical skills in physics 11**

- Students are expected to further develop the experimental skills and the knowledge and understanding of experimental techniques that they acquired in Units 1 and 2 by carrying out a range of practical experiments and investigations while they study Units 4 and 5.
- This unit will assess candidates’ knowledge and understanding of the experimental procedures and techniques that were developed in Units 4 and 5.

**Unit 1: Mechanics and Materials**

- • The paper may include multiple-choice, short open, open-response, calculations and extended-writing questions.
- • The paper will include questions that target mathematics at Level 2 or above.
- • A minimum of 32 marks will be awarded for mathematics at Level 2 or above.
- • Candidates will be expected to apply their knowledge and understanding to familiar and unfamiliar contexts.

**Unit 2: Waves and electricity**

- • The paper may include multiple-choice, short-open, open-response, calculations and extended-writing questions.
- • The paper will include questions that target mathematics at Level 2 or above.
- • A minimum of 32 marks will be awarded for mathematics at Level 2 or above.
- • Candidates will be expected to apply their knowledge and understanding to familiar and unfamiliar contexts.

**Unit 3: Practical skills in physics**

- • The paper may include short-open, open-response, calculations and extended-writing questions.
- • The paper will include questions that target mathematics at Level 2 or above.
- • A minimum of 20 marks will be awarded for mathematics at Level 2 or above.
- • Candidates will be expected to apply their knowledge and understanding of practical skills to familiar and unfamiliar situations.

**Unit 4: Further mechanics, fields, and particles**

- • The paper may include multiple-choice, short-open, open-response, calculations and extended-writing questions.
- • The paper will include questions that target mathematics at Level 2 or above.
- • A minimum of 36 marks will be awarded for mathematics at Level 2 or above.
- • Candidates will be expected to apply their knowledge and understanding to familiar and unfamiliar contexts.
- • This paper may contain some synoptic questions which require knowledge and understanding from Units 1 and 2.

**Unit 5: Thermodynamics, Radiation, Oscillations and Cosmology**

- • The paper may include multiple-choice, short-open, open-response, calculations and extended-writing questions.
- • The paper will include questions that target mathematics at Level 2 or above.
- • A minimum of 36 marks will be awarded for mathematics at Level 2 or above.
- • This paper may contain some synoptic questions which require knowledge and understanding from Units 1, 2 and 4.

**Unit 6: Practical skills in physics 11**

- • The paper may include short-open, open-response, calculations and extended-writing questions.
- • The paper will include questions that target mathematics at Level 2 or above.
- • A minimum of 20 marks will be awarded for mathematics at Level 2 or above.
- • Candidates will be expected to apply their knowledge and understanding of practical skills to familiar and unfamiliar situations.

Physics, astrophysicist, engineering, medicine, quantity surveyor, teacher, architecture, aerodynamics, airline pilot

Chemistry

The content is relevant for students who have achieved a GCSE in Chemistry and who want to study the subject at a higher level. The content has been updated from the previous Pearson Edexcel International Advanced Subsidiary in Chemistry and Pearson Edexcel International Advanced Level in Chemistry qualifications. It covers the major topics in chemistry, including molar calculations, structure and bonding, energetics, rates, equilibria, Group chemistry, transition metals and a range of organic chemistry; as well as associated experimental skills.

- essential knowledge and understanding of different areas of the subject and how they
- relate to each other
- a deep appreciation of the skills, knowledge and understanding of scientific methods
- competence and confidence in a variety of practical, mathematical and problem-solving
- skills
- their interest in and enthusiasm for the subject, including developing an interest in further
- study and careers associated with the subject.

Unit 1: Structure, Bonding and Introduction to Organic Chemistry

- Formulae, Equations and Amount of Substance
- Atomic Structure and the Periodic Table
- Bonding and Structure
- Introductory Organic Chemistry and Alkanes
- Alkenes

- Energetics
- Intermolecular Forces
- Redox Chemistry and Groups 1, 2 and 7
- Introduction to Kinetics and Equilibria
- Organic Chemistry: Alcohols, Halogenoalkanes and Spectra

- Students are expected to develop experimental skills, and a knowledge and understanding of experimental techniques, by carrying out a range of practical experiments and investigations while they study Units 1 and 2.
- This unit will assess students’ knowledge and understanding of experimental procedures and techniques that were developed in Units 1 and 2.

- Entropy and Energetics
- Chemical Equilibria
- Acid-base Equilibria
- Organic Chemistry: Carbonyls, Carboxylic Acids and Chirality

- Transition Metals and their Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry: Arenes
- Organic Nitrogen Compounds: Amines, Amides, Amino Acids and Proteins
- Organic Synthesis

- Students are expected to develop further the experimental skills and the knowledge and understanding of experimental techniques that they acquired in Units 1 and 2 (tests for anions and cations, gases and organic functional groups) by carrying out a range of practical experiments and investigations while they study Units 4 and 5.
- This unit will assess students’ knowledge and understanding of the experimental procedures and techniques that were developed in Units 4 and 5.

**Unit 1: Structure, bonding, and introduction to organic chemistry**This paper has two sections:

- Section A: multiple choice questions
- Section B: mixture of short-open, open-response and calculation questions.

- This paper will include a minimum of 18 marks that target mathematics at Level 2 or above.
- Students will be expected to apply their knowledge and understanding of experimental methods in familiar and unfamiliar contexts.

**Unit 2: Energetics, Group Chemistry, Halogenoalkanes and Alcohols**This paper has three sections:

- Section A: multiple choice questions
- Section B: mixture of short-open, open-response, calculations and extended-writing questions
- Section C: contemporary context question.

- This paper will contain questions that require information from the Data Booklet.
- This paper will include a minimum of 18 marks that target mathematics at Level 2 or above.
- Students will be expected to apply their knowledge and understanding of experimental methods in familiar and unfamiliar contexts.
- This paper may contain some synoptic questions which require knowledge and understanding from Unit 1.

**Unit 3: Practical skills in Chemistry 1**

- This paper may include short-open, open-response and calculation questions.
- This paper will include a minimum of 6 marks that target mathematics at Level 2 or above.
- Students will be expected to apply their knowledge and understanding of practical skills to familiar and unfamiliar situations.

**Unit 4: Rates, Equilibria and Further Organic Chemistry**This paper has three sections:

- Section A: multiple choice questions
- Section B: mixture of short-open, open-response, calculations and extended-writing questions
- Section C: data or calculation question.

- This paper will contain questions that require information from the Data Booklet
- This paper will include a minimum of 22 marks that target mathematics at Level 2 or above.
- Students will be expected to apply their knowledge and understanding of experimental methods in familiar and unfamiliar contexts.
- This paper may contain some synoptic questions which require knowledge and understanding from Units 1 and 2.

**Unit 5: Transition Metals and Organic Nitrogen Chemistry**This paper has three sections:

- Section A: multiple choice questions
- Section B: mixture of short-open, open-response, calculations and extended-writing questions
- Section C: contemporary context question.

- This paper will contain questions that require information from the Data Booklet
- This paper will include a minimum of 18 marks that target mathematics at Level 2 or above
- This paper may contain some synoptic questions which require knowledge and understanding from Units 1, 2 and 4.

**Unit 6: Practical skills in Chemistry 11**

- This paper may include short-open, open-response and calculation questions.
- This paper will include a minimum of 6 marks that target mathematics at Level 2 or above (see Appendix 6: Mathematical skills and exemplifications).
- Students will be expected to apply their knowledge and understanding of practical skills to familiar and unfamiliar situations.

Chemistry, pharmacist, pharmacology, medicine, physiotherapy, anaesthetics, dentistry, veterinary medicine, biochemistry, teacher, biomedical engineer, chemical engineer

Biology

The content is relevant for students who have achieved a GCSE in Biology and who want to study this subject at a higher level. The content has been updated from the previous Pearson Edexcel International Advanced Subsidiary in Biology and Pearson Edexcel.
It covers the major topics in biology including biological molecules, diet, transport, health, cells, development, biodiversity, conservation, energy, the environment, microbiology, immunity, respiration, the internal environment, coordination and gene technology.

- essential knowledge and understanding of different areas of the subject and how they relate to each other
- a deep appreciation of the skills, knowledge and understanding of scientific methods
- competence and confidence in a variety of practical, mathematical and problem-solving skills
- their interest in and enthusiasm for the subject, including developing an interest in further study and careers associated with the subject.

**Unit 1: Molecules, Diet, Transport and Health (IAS)**

- Molecules, Transport and Health
- Membranes, Proteins, DNA and Gene Expression

**Unit 2: Cells, Development, Biodiversity and Conservation Cell Structure, Reproduction and Development (IAS)**

- Plant Structure and Function
- Biodiversity and Conservation

**Unit 3: Practical Skills in Biology I (IAS)**

- Students are expected to develop experimental skills, and a knowledge and understanding of experimental techniques, by carrying out a range of practical experiments and investigations while they study units 1 and 2. This unit will assess students’ knowledge and understanding of experimental procedures and techniques that were developed in units 1 and 2.

**Unit 4: Energy, Environment, Microbiology and Immunity (IAL)**

- Energy Flow, Ecosystems and the Environment
- Microbiology, Immunity and Forensics

**Unit 5: Respiration, Internal Environment, Coordination and Gene Technology (IAL)**

- Respiration, Muscles and the Internal Environment
- Coordination, Response and Gene Technology

**Unit 6: Practical Skills in Biology II (IAL)**

- Students are expected to develop further the experimental skills and the knowledge and understanding of experimental techniques they acquired in units 1 and 2, by carrying out a range of practical experiments and investigations while they study units 4 and 5. This unit will assess students’ knowledge and understanding of the experimental procedures and techniques that were developed in units 1, 2, 4 and 5.

Assessment consists of three written papers at IAS level that are externally assessed. The International A level consists of three further written papers that are externally assessed.

**Unit 1: Molecules, Diet, Transport and Health (IAS)**- Externally assessed
- Written examination: 1 hour and 30 minutes
- Availability: January, June and October
- First assessment: January 2019
- 80 marks

**Unit 2: Cells, Development, Biodiversity and Conservation Externally assessed (IAS)**- Written examination: 1 hour and 30 minutes
- Availability: January, June and October
- First assessment: June 2019
- 80 marks

**Unit 3: Practical skills in Biology I (IAS)**- Written examination: 1 hour and 20 minutes
- Availability: January, June and October
- First assessment: June 2019
- 50 marks

**Unit 4: Energy, Environment, Microbiology and Immunity (IAL)**- Written examination: 1 hour and 45 minutes
- Availability: January, June and October
- First assessment: January 2020
- 90 marks

**Unit 5: Respiration, Internal Environment, Coordination and Gene Technology (IAL)**- Written examination: 1 hour and 45 minutes
- Availability: January, June and October
- First assessment: June 2020
- 90 marks

**Unit 6: Practical Skills in Biology II (IAL)**- Written examination: 1 hour and 20 minutes
- Availability: January, June and October
- First assessment: June 2020
- 50 marks

Zoologist, biology, botanist, marine biologist, environmental engineer, doctor, dentist, veterinary medicine, microbiologist, immunologist, researcher, geneticist, genetic counsellor, nursing, mental health nurse

ICT

In a world where Information Technology (IT) is constantly changing, individuals increasingly need technological and information literacy skills that include the ability to gather, process and manipulate data. The impact of IT on society is enormous and as the percentage of businesses and households connected to communication networks such as the internet grows, so does the need for individuals who understand these new technologies.
This syllabus encourages learners to become effective and discerning users of IT. It helps them to develop a broad range of IT skills, knowledge and understanding. Learners study the structure and use of IT systems within a wide range of organisations, including the use of a variety of computer networks. As a result, learners gain an understanding of IT system life cycles, and how these affect the workplace. They also learn about the wider impact of IT on society in general. At A Level, learners also study simple programming for the web relevant to their own use of IT.

**The syllabus aims to enable candidates to:**

- develop a broad range of IT skills
- develop an understanding of the parts, use and applications of IT systems within a range of
- organisations, including the use of basic computer networks
- develop an understanding of how IT systems affect society in general
- develop an understanding of the main system life cycle and apply this understanding to workplace
- situations
- develop a broad knowledge of the use of IT in workplace situations
- develop an understanding of project management skills (A Level only)
- be aware of new and emerging technologies
- be aware of the role of the internet and its potential but also its risks
- apply their knowledge and understanding of IT to solve problems.

**Data, information, knowledge and processing:**

- define data, clearly identifying that data has no meaning
- define information and show how data can become information through context and meaning
- define knowledge and understand that information becomes knowledge when human experience is
- applied

**Hardware and software:**

- define the term hardware
- evaluate internal hardware devices (including central processing unit (CPU), motherboard, random
- access memory (RAM), read-only memory (ROM), graphics card, sound card, hard disk drive (HDD),
- solid-state drive (SSD))
- evaluate external hardware devices (including: monitor, keyboard, mouse, printer (laser, inkjet, dot
- matrix, plotter), speakers, camera (digital, video), webcam, scanner, magnetic ink character reader
- (MICR), optical mark reader (OMR), optical character reader (OCR), bar code reader, pen drive, portable
- hard disk drive, Blu-ray disc drive, memory card)
- explain the purpose of storage devices
- evaluate storage devices (including cloud, magnetic tape drive, optical, hard disk drive (HDD), solid-state drive (SSD))
- explain the purpose of input and output devices
- evaluate different input, storage or output devices for a given task

**Monitoring and control:**

- identify a range of sensors and describe their use in monitoring technologies
- identify a range of sensors and describe their use in control technologies
- evaluate the use of monitoring technologies in everyday life (including CCTV monitoring, environmental
- monitoring, workplace monitoring)
- evaluate the use of control technologies in everyday life (including household appliances, car park
- barriers, traffic lights)

**eSafety and health and safety:**

- explain why personal data should be kept confidential
- describe how personal data can be gathered by unauthorised persons (including: by smishing, vishing, phishing and pharming), and how this might be prevented
- discuss why eSafety is necessary
- describe malware issues (including Trojan horse, worms, spyware, adware, rootkit, malicious bots, ransomware)
- describe a range of potential health issues that could arise from using IT
- describe a range of safety issues relating to the use of IT

**Paper 1 Theory**

- This is a compulsory written paper which tests sections 1–10 of the syllabus content.
- Each examination paper consists of short-answer and structured questions of variable mark value.
- Candidates must answer all questions.
- Candidates answer on the question paper.

**Paper 2 Practical**

- This is a compulsory practical paper which tests sections 8–10 of the syllabus content.
- Candidates perform practical tasks within a structured problem-solving context and submit their work electronically.
- They will also need to apply their knowledge from sections 1–7 of the syllabus content.
- Candidates must answer all questions.
- Candidates must not have access to the internet or email.
- Candidates will work with electronic resource files provided by Cambridge International.
- These files must be loaded onto the candidate’s computer system before the start of the examination.
- Work must be saved in the correct file format as stated in the tasks.
- If work is saved in an incorrect file format, candidates will not receive marks for that task.

Systems analysis, software engineer, systems administrator, IT manager, ICT teacher, data coordinator, communications

# Change Your Discipline

Please discuss with your son or daughter which options they would like to pursue. It is important to remember that the child’s preferences are most important. This aligned with their chosen career path and university requirements are the bases upon which sound choices are made.